The Death and Afterlife of the North American Martyrs

 

 

Description

La version anglaise de la description ci-dessous provient du site Web deHarvard University Press.


Dans les années 1640, décennie d'épidémies et de guerres dans toute l'Amérique du Nord coloniale, huit missionnaires jésuites ont mis leur mort entre les mains d'antagonistes autochtones. Avec leur canonisation collective en 1930, ces hommes, connus des dévots comme les martyrs nord-américains, deviendraient les premiers saints catholiques officiels du continent. Dans The Death and Afterlife of the North American Martyrs, Emma Anderson démêle la complexité de ces actes de violence fondateurs et leur héritage toujours changeant à travers les siècles. Tout en explorant comment les missionnaires jésuites ont perçu leurs terrifiantes dernières heures, l'ouvrage cherche également à comprendre les motivations de ceux qui les ont confrontés de l'autre côté de la hache, du mousquet ou du chaudron d'eau bouillante, et à éclairer les expériences de ces catholiques autochtones qui, bien qu'ils soient morts aux côtés de leurs mentors missionnaires, n'ont pas encore reçu une reconnaissance comparable en tant que martyrs par l'Église catholique.

En retraçant la création et l'évolution du culte des martyrs à travers les siècles, Anderson révèle la manière avec laquelle les croyants et les détracteurs ont honoré et préservé la mémoire des martyrs dans cet « après la mort », et comment leur puissante histoire a été continuellement réinterprétée dans l'imaginaire collectif au fil des siècles. Alors que des sanctuaires rivaux s'élevaient pour honorer les martyrs de chaque côté de la frontière canado-américaine, ces personnages allaient à la fois unir et diviser profondément les autochtones et les non-autochtones, les francophones et les anglophones, les protestants et les catholiques, les Canadiens et les Américains, forgeant un héritage aussi controversé que ça dure.

Commentaires

 Nathan M. Greenfield, The Times Literary Supplement

[A] fascinating book.

Michael Stogre, America

Anderson has masterfully traced the evolution of the martyrs’ ‘myth’ to the present day… It is a fascinating read.

Danae Jacobson, Books & Culture

[Anderson] succeeds in illuminating the martyrs’ long afterlife, sketching along the way some major contours of Canadian history while keeping American and French contexts in mind as well… As a comparative and multinational work, this book is exemplary… From the first page to the last, this beautifully written, smartly crafted, and assiduously researched book models the kind of empathetic, honest, and nuanced approach that characterizes history at its best.

Jodi Bilinkoff, American Historical Review

Emma Anderson has written a big book packed with fascinating information and insights… The Death and Afterlife of the North American Martyrs offers a rich and valuable study of the construction of memory as evidenced in this ‘ever-evolving, ever-contested cult.

R. Berleant-Schiller, Choice

[An] innovative history that crosses disciplines.

Joseph Boyden, auteur de Three Day Road and Through Black Spruce

Emma Anderson has done something awe-inspiring: she has breathed life into the evocative story of the North American martyrs and their legacy. What’s most exciting is that she has accomplished this with both the hand of a great storyteller and the mind of a brilliant scholar.

Kathleen Sprows Cummings, auteur de New Women of the Old Faith: Gender and American Catholicism in the Progressive Era

This beautifully written study of how the Jesuit martyrs have been remembered and reinvented in the popular Catholic imagination is without rival in terms of its scope, ambition, and achievement. I enthusiastically recommend it.

Dominique Deslandres, auteur de Croire et faire croire: Les missions francaises au XVIIe siecle

The eight men who became North America’s first canonized saints have been imagined and appropriated in many ways by both Euro-Americans and Amerindians on both sides of the U.S.–Canada border. With vivid style and powerful insight, Anderson explores the history and changing interpretations of the martyrs’ deaths, which, three centuries later, continue to serve as powerful cultural and spiritual symbols.

Allan Greer, auteur de Mohawk Saint: Catherine Tekakwitha and the Jesuits

In a lively and engaging style, Anderson recreates the story of Jesuit missionaries killed in the seventeenth century. More importantly, she uncovers the different meanings given to their deaths by American Catholics, Canadian nationalists, and Native people across the years. A fascinating book.

Robert A. Orsi, auteur de Between Heaven and Earth: The Religious Worlds People Make and the Scholars Who Study Them

This richly imagined book is a delight to read. In prose of exquisite, often sensuous detail and striking immediacy, Anderson offers a compelling history that opens up important questions in the study of religion. Her account of Brébeuf’s torture and death is a tour-de-force, while her treatment of the interactions between Native Americans and Europeans is psychologically acute and emotionally resonant.

Thomas A. Tweed, auteur de Crossing and Dwelling: A Theory of Religion

This beautifully written book about memory will be widely praised. It respectfully analyzes the practices and worldviews of both aboriginal peoples and European missionaries. It combines historical and ethnographic methods to craft a story that ranges from the seventeenth century to the present. And, at a time when many scholars are trumpeting comparative and transnational studies, it provides a model for those who want to write religious history across national borders.

Raymond A. Schroth, auteur duf Racism, Martyrdom and Mythology: Author Delivers an Indictment of the Cult of the First American Saints

National Catholic Reporter, May 23-June 5, 2014

 

Entrevues de l'auteur

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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